Over 80 % of Bhutan's population depends on agricultural activity and animal husbandry. The principal crops are rice, maize, millet, wheat, buckwheat and barley. The cash crops include apples, oranges, potatoes, cardamom and mustard.
Bhutan exports agro products like apples, oranges, vegetables, mushrooms, canned fruit and jams. Most households raise poultry and cattle. Yaks are raised at higher altitudes. Though most of the population is pastoral, the agricultural sector currently accounts for only about thirty-five percents of the country's gross Domestic Product (GDP).the bulk of it is accounted for by production and export of hydro power to India. There are two main projects both located in wangchu at Chukha and Tala. The other main contributors to the economy are the also exports of apples, forestry products like timber and lemon grass oil. Cement, Ferro alloys, calcium carbide and coal.
Tourism is the second largest contributor to the national GDP even though its full potential is yet to be realized. Bhutan stamps most unusual contributor to the economy. Bhutan's goal is an equitable spread of prosperity rather than skewed development in an ad hoc manner, just for the sake of so called progress. With this belief being the foundation of nation building, precedence is given to the development of rural sector in Bhutan.